As defined in Google/Wikipedia:
In New York State, a village is an incorporated area that differs from a city in that a village is within the jurisdiction of one or more towns, whereas a city is independent of a town. Villages thus have less autonomy than cities.
A village is usually, but not always, within a single town. A village is a clearly defined municipality that provides the services closest to the residents, such as garbage collection, street and highway maintenance, street lighting and building codes. Some villages provide their own police and other optional services. Those municipal services not provided by the village are provided by the town or towns containing the village. As of the 2000 census, there are 553 villages in New York.
There is no limit to the population of a village in New York; Hempstead, the largest village in the state, has 55,000 residents, making it more populous than some of the state's cities. However, villages in the state may not exceed five square miles (13 km²) in area. Present law requires a minimum of 500 residents to incorporate as a village.
As We See It:
Villages were created to provide efficient services under local control and the watchful eye of its residents. The notion that the majority of villages were created solely to control zoning, block development, and promulgate a NIMBY attitude is not true.
The longevity among our villages formed during the more rural days of Nassau County is not uncommon. the reason people look to move to incorporated villages is simple . They want and get the services which is municipal governments responsibility. In fact, village residential property has a long tradition of being desired, at a premium, over other area homes.
Village governments, in addition being organized with economically efficient staffs have consolidated services producing positive results results and good management. Most residents are unwilling to abolish their village , cut back on services, or merge with other villages. People generally will not relinquish the quality of life they enjoy as residents of an incorporated village.